Benjamin Neel, MD, PhD

Photo of [title]
RESEARCH THEMES:
Cancer and Stem Cells
KEYWORDS:
signal transduction, Breast Cancer, Cancer Stem Cells, Tyrosine phosphorylation, RAS/ERK pathway, RASopathies, Functional genomics, shRNA screens, Ovarian Cancer

Contact Information

New York University School of Medicine
522 First Ave. Smilow 12th Floor, Room 1201
New York, NY 10016
Office Tel: (212) 263-3019
E-mail: benjamin.neel@nyumc.org
 


Signaling, especially by tyrosine phosphatases, and functional genomics of breast and ovarian cancer

 

Our laboratory studies cell signaling in normal development and disease. We have particular emphasis on members of the protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) superfamily (especially SHP2 and PTP1B) and on the RAS/ERK pathway and its role in RASopathies (a family of germ line disorders caused by RAS/ERK pathway mutations) and cancer. We also have a substantial program in breast cancer functional genomics and in the identification and characterization of highgrade serous ovarian cancer (SOC) tumor- initiating cells. We employ a wide range of cell biological, biochemical and mouse and human (hESC/iPSC) genetic approaches to study these questions. Current work is aimed at using mass spectrometry to study redox regulation of cell signaling and to identify SHP2 substrates in normal cell signaling and in SHP2-induced myeloproliferative disease/leukemia, elucidating the molecular basis for SHP2 and PTP1B requirements in breast cancer, determining key substrates of the RAS/ERK pathway that are differentially phosphorylated in normal cells, cells from mouse models of RASopathies of cancer, respectively, determining why different RAS/ERK pathway mutations confer distinct RASopathy phenotypes, identifying novel targets for breast cancer using lentiviral shRNA dropout screening and large scale integrative genomic analysis, and defining the nature of SOC tumor initiating cells from patients and mouse models of this disease.

Selected Publications: 
  • Wu, X., Simpson, J., Hong, JH., Kim, KH., Thavarajah NK., Backx,PB., Neel,BG.
    Araki, T., Modulating MEK-ERK pathway ameliorates disease phenotypes in a
    mouse model of Noonan syndrome-associated Raf1 mutation. J Clin Invest,
    121(3):1009-25, 2011 Epub Feb 21 2011 – PMID 21339642
  • Stewart, JM., Shaw PA., Gedye C., Bernardini MQ., Neel BG.*, Ailles LE.,
    Phenotypic heterogeneity and instability of human ovarian tumor-initiating cells.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 108(16):6468-73 Epub Mar 30 2011-PMID 21451132
  • Karisch,R., Fernandez,M., Taylor,P., Virtanen,C., St-Germain,J.R., Jin,L.L.,
    Harris,I.S., Mori,J., Mak,T.W., Senis,Y.A., Östman, A., Moran,M.F., Neel,BG.
    Global proteomic assessment of the classical protein-tyrosine phosphatome and
    “redoxome”. Cell, 146(5): 826-840, 2 September 2011 - PMID: 21884940
  • Marcotte, R., Brown, KR., Suarez, F., Sayad, A., Karamboulas, K.,
    Krzyzanowski, PM., Sircoulomb, F., Medrano, M., Fedyshyn,Y., Koh, JLY., van
    Dyk, D., Fedyshyn, B., Luhova, M., Brito, GC., Vizeacoumar, FJ., Vizeacoumar,
    FS., Datti, A., Kasimer, D., Buzina, A., Mero, P., Misquitta, C., Normand, J.,
    Haider,M., Ketela, M., Wrana, JL., Rottapel, R., Neel, BG., Moffat, J., Essential
    gene profiles in breast, pancreas and ovarian cancer cells. Cancer Discovery
    2012 2:172-189; Epub December 29, 2011 PMID: 22585861